The story of rock’n roll
Rock ‘N’ Roll (short for Rock and Roll) is an unclear outlined term for an American genre of the 1950s and early 1960s and the associated lifestyle of a youth protest culture. Most of the (except in some ballads) in the 4/4-clock music features a clear offbeat (strong accent on the straight counting times two and four).
In addition, Rock ‘N’ Roll is the name for a social dance associated with this music, which has emerged from Lindy Hop and the Jitterbug and whose essential characteristics are the acrobatic deposits. In contrast to music, the odd counting times (one and three) are emphasized in the dance.
First a slang expression for the Support, the term rock ‘n’ roll as a designation for a music direction was allegedly marked for the first time in 1952 from the American DJ Alan Freed. However, the terms rock and rock and roll have been coming up in black rhythm & blues titles, for example in Eunice Davis’ recording Rock Little Daddy of 1951 or in the 1934 recorded by the Boswell Sisters Title Rock & Roll.
Nevertheless, it remains undisputed that it was Freed, who made both the term and the music for a broad public, so rock ‘n’ roll from about 1955 the term Rythm & Blues removes. Freed’s Radioshow Moondogs, in which black rhythm & blues was played, had cult status in the mid-1950s both in white and black teenagers. Many white teenagers had the opportunity to listen to African American entertainment music for the first time in a period of race separation. In addition, Freed served as an organizer for live concerts and as discoverers and sponsors of artists such as Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Gene Vincent, Frankie Lymon and several more. Thus, the term rock ‘n’ Roll, who was initially only a synonym for Rhythm & Blues, quickly became an independent generic concept and described those new music in which the then usual strict separation between black and white was softened.
Today, the term in general language usage is also applied to contemporary rock music, especially in the Anglo-Saxon Sprachraum. However, the music historical definition is narrower. Here is Rock ‘N’ Roll a collective term for various early forms of rock music, which were created in the mid-50s in the United States and replaced by the beat music in its subcultural function in the mid-1960s.
Already at the end of the 1940s, a youth protest culture started in the US, which raised the underdogden, freedom of bourgeois morality, drugs and restless mobility to their ideals. This movement did not identify first about the music, but about the beat literature of authors such as Jack Kerouac, films like "The Wild One", or about books like "Catcher in The Rye". Even the James Dean movie "Rebel Without a Cause" from 1955 still had no musical rock -‘n’-roll cover, although he already contained all the characteristics of rock -‘n’-roll culture already included. As a music of this movement, first, especially in the supporters of the Beat generation in the early 1950s, the black Bebop jazz served as the protest movement continued to spread, the (often prohibited from the parents) listening to Rhythm & Blues became popular, the music of the African American underlayer.
Only the movie "Blackboard Jungle" from 1955 (where he went to youth crime at schools) contained a rock ‘n’ Roll Soundtrack ("Rock Around The Clock" by Bill Haley & The Comets) and thus brought the first worldwide rock ‘n ‘Roll Hit out. The explosive success of this music explains itself from the longing for a long time for a long-term youth music, which made the rebellion express against the parent generation. Rock ‘n’ roll filled a social vacuum and gave a vague’s sense of life his expression.
Nevertheless, the Rock ‘n’ Roll never have been a uniform style, but always only a collective term of different types of music. The music scene in the US was strongly regionalized, not only because the dominant mass medium broadcasting consistently consisted of local stations. The plate industry was also organized regionally, the ethnic subcultures had their geographical niches with their own musical traditions, and in the southern states were strict race separation. So, depending on the social class, ethnicity and geographic region, different music styles, all of which are all under Rock ‘N’ Roll, established, because they combine two common denominators: they are all expressions of minorities and they are all rooted in the rhythm & blues. Therefore, it is worthwhile before we describe the individual types of rock ‘n’ roll, a closer look at this multi-mentioned genre, this ur-breeding ground of rock ‘n’ roll, throw