- Middle Ages – the difference between then and today
Medieval music and music of the medieval scene
Medieval music has been since the 9. Century written up and was created up to about 1430. The epochs are the time of the origin of Gregorian singing and lasted up to about 1100. Your music is predominantly unanimous. Multi-part music was called nottre-Dame school in the 12th. and 13. Played century. Ars Nova and Trecento is the third era of about 1300 to 1450 and differentiates different styles in different countries.
Middle Ages – the difference between then and today
The Gregorian choral
The liturgical singing is unanimously and accompanied. He is sung in Latin language in Roman Catholic churches. He was more functional part of the liturgy from the fair and the hour prayer. Her melodies and texts shook Matutin, Laudes, Terz, Sext, Non, Vespers and Complete and were compiled in the liturgical book named Antiphonale. The Gregorian choral was presented as the basis of sacral music. In the Carolingian time he was expanded by melismas, tropics, allelua and sequences. For the first time, the multiplication occurred in two-part form named Musica Enchiriadis. Further terms arose. Diaphony means harmony and the organum is the musical instrument.
Music and Minnegesang
The Benedictine Monk Guido of Arezzo devoted the notebook based on the Greek alphabet to create the Diatonic scale. Another sound document was Neumen, which consisted of a large number of points, strokes, stroking. The Minnesang is called ARS Antiqua and was created about 1100 to 1300. Multim-tuny compositions gained in importance and were characterized by the generic and Conductus generic. Composers Léonin and Pérotin were important representatives of the Notre-Lady School and fixed rhythm, modalnotaion and the resulting mensural notation. The Minnegesang developed in the courtly music.
The musical development
Instrumental and dance music had previously prioritized, but the promotion for sealing and sound arts soon led to cooperatives in Vienna and Paris. End of the 14. For centuries, the multi-part music was unfolded by Guillaume Dufay, which was a member of the papal singer chapel and is associated with the teaching of the counterpoint and the sound school school. Canon, motets of other church compositions of the Dutch school and were characteristic of the further development of the Middle Ages. The highlight was in the middle of the 15. Century reached. The pursuit of expressive sound design and the description of the notes drew this time.
Studied medieval music
The music of the Middle Ages can be occupied as a full-time program. In Basel, the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis offers this studies. The Academy Castle Fürsteneck offers advanced education and the Folkwang University of the Arts in Essen offers a professional master’s degree program.
The music of the medieval scene
The music of the medieval scene is a separate genre and developed together with medieval markets since the late 1980s. It is the prayer that European music represents authentically and to represent their style by 1450. But in markets, this authenticity is not targeted. It is an autonomous genre. Folklorist instruments such as vocals, string instruments, harps, crummers, shawls and lathe, but also Davuls and market bag pipes were played. Often this music is interpreted rocking. Entertainment value, artistic freedoms and fun are in the first place.
Two main positions describe the music of the medieval scene. The folkloric style and the bagpipe rock style differ in your game form. The folkloric style is the romantic image of the Middle Ages as a model and is based on faster and fairy tales and novels of time. Instrumental music or singing pieces are part of the repertoire. Entertaining and serene character belong to the basic mood. Single or multi-part singing in partially varied arrangements and replicas genuine instruments of Renaissance music such as hub, Nyckelharpa, Cister, portal and also guitar sounds are among the typical instruments. Woodwinding instruments such as recorders, double pipe instruments such as crummers, noise pipes and bagpacks are also to be found. Rhythmic accompanies provide drums, tamburine, clamp wreaths, rattles and foot clamps.
The songs of folkloristic style
Various sources of different epochs are the song. Carmina Burana (11.-12. Century), Walther from the birdweide (CA. 1170-1228), Neidhart by Reuenthal (CA. 1210-1240), the Cantigas de Santa Maria (13. Century) and Oswald von Wolkenstein (around 1377-1445) are significant composers. In addition, there are Renaissance pieces from the 14. Until 16. Century and also texts from the 19. and 20. century. New compositions, revised arrangements and neutrangements expand the song repertoire. Dur and minor are the common tones. Understandable texts in German are just as important. Latin, the old languages of Spanish, French and Italian are also to be found. The Irish Folk is sung in English-speaking folklore. As a maintenance artist, the folkloric medieval musicians occur in costumes.
Dudelsack rock style
The loud, melody-leading bagpipe led to a new development in the GDR. This style of style did not stop his historical model, but called the bagpipe in its scene medieval bag, market bag whistle or market crest. A-Dorisch is the main mood of this style. Louder, direct and hard sound form the basis, so that few, other instruments are used. It is played solisted or played in the ensemble, polyphon or to the doppling of a solo part. The combination with Balkan melodies and oriental templates provide the song repertoire. New compositions are also included. Rather romantic mood is romantic in folkloric medieval music, the bagpipe rock style focuses on the dark Middle Ages. Accordingly, wild is the clothes of the artists and is mostly made of leather-lumbar, fur gloves and a chain hem.
Further interesting information about the music of the Middle Ages can be found on the pages