African music

African music can not be divided into classical and entertainment music. Ritual music and entertainment music differ from each other. The dance is also part of this. Masks, stories and music are combined as ritual and shape the African culture. The African music cultures develop dynamically.

African culture as the basis of music

Music as a communicator

In African religions are animals, plants and the inanimate nature. Music is a communicator between the supernatural and invisible world of spirits and the natural world, because the sound is immaterial. Significant events of life such as birth, healing, wedding, harvest, hunting, victims, inauguration of spiritual and secular rods and funeral to take place in such ceremonies. Thus, music has a social function: Cognitive content of culture are taught at school, world rulers are represented by king streams and trumpets. Myths, legends, news and chronicles as well as dance and entertainment are musically accompanied.

Characteristic features

The singing tradition with the many African languages and sound languages in which the pitch reproduces the meaning of content is a characteristic feature of African music. Rhythms are partly difficult. Although there are variants in drums, but improvisations are prohibited because they could lead to misunderstandings. Trance-like states could not arise this, but it is the goal of ritual music to move through the specified rhythms in trance.

The instruments

Typical musical instruments are the six-based pluriarc and the mug drum. The Mbira DZA Vadzimu serves to entertain and contact the suspension. String instruments are harps like the Stsharf Kora, arcly as the Ardin and the Ennanga and Spießlauten like the Ending Didi and the Gogle. The necklace Ramki also belongs to it. Liors, zithers, mouths for plucking and painting, but also music sheets with undivided string belong to the repertoire of the string instruments. Drums, idiophones and also wind instruments such as East African flutes, longitudinal flutes without finger holes, double pipe instruments such as the Nzumari and nature horns and natural trumpets are typical, African instruments. Tape and pitch differences in drums. Talking drums share whole words and phrases.

The tone scales

Pentatonics or heptatonics with regionally different interval sizes differ from European scales. Short, often repetitive motifs and rough and hoarse voice ideals are common. Styled areas can be roughly divided into rainforest, the room of the savannah and the bantus-prolonged room in Central and South Africa.

Further interesting information about African music can be found on the pages