David Bowie

British singer, producer, musician and actor David Bowie was born in 1947 as David Robert Jones. 26 studio albums and 140 million sound carriers sold to become one of the most successful rock and pop musicians of his time. He died in January 2016 in New York.

An icon of pop music

Bowies way to music

In secured conditions, Bowie already raised a lot of emphasis on his appearance as a child. The relationship with his parents was more likely to cool, but they promoted his interest in music early. Modern beat music influenced Bowie significantly. His father gave him the plate ‘Tutti Frutti’ by Little Richards and gave Bowie the impetus to visit concerts at the age of 13 in the London entertainment district Soho. When Bowie was 16 years old, he founded the group ‘The Kon-Rad’ and played saxophone. However, a first demo tape did not bring success and so Bowie left the group. His first own single with the title ‘Liza Jane’ also turned and he turned to further band projects as the ‘Manish Boys’ and ‘Lower Third’ in 1967 of the British Pantomimin Lindsay Kemp to his stage show more extravagance to rent. He named his artist name ‘Davy Jones’ in accordance with Jim Bowie in David Bowie. In the same year he released his debut album and was inspired by musicals, folksongs and ballads. Because this album flopped, he changed his concept and produced at the beginning of the year 1969 a half-hour promotion movie titled ‘Love You Till Tuesday’. His by Stanley Kubricks ‘2001-Odyssee in space’ Film Inspired Space Ballad ‘Space Oddity’ also belonged to it.

Bowies first successes

The second album appeared in November 1969 and held for four weeks in the top ten of charts in the United Kingdom. With Marc Bolan Bowie took the songs’ The Prettiest Star and ‘London by Ta Ta’ at the beginning of 1970. Another stage concept tested Bowie with the band ‘The Hype’, which he founded among other things with the guitarist Mick Ronson and John Cambridge on the drums. Costumes and theater elements gave him the role as ‘Rainbow Man’. The single ‘Holy Holy’ published in 1971 remained unsuccessful. A third album titled ‘The Man Who Sold the World’ was inspired by the Hard Rock and treated topics from Buddhism and mysticism. Bowie stressed his Androgynes image through a dress he wore on the cover. The album ‘Hunky Dory’ followed and later known by the band ‘yes’ Keyboarder Rick Wakeman rided himself into the tape structure. This album was distributed by the record company RCA Records. In 1972, Bowie then succeeded in the long-awaited, commercial breakthrough with the album ‘The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars’. For a year he toured around the world. Scandals and rumors about his alleged homosexuality fueled Bowie through lace comments, but he continued to focus on the music. As a producer he also promoted other musicians and produced 1972 Lou Reeds Second Soloalbum ‘Transformer’. For the band ‘Mott The Hoople’ he composed the song ‘All The Young Dudes’ and produced their debut album. Bowie’s own concept album ‘Diamond Dogs’ appeared in 1974 and is largely based on George Orwells Dystopie ‘1984’.

Bowies and the movie

However, because he rose on a subsequent tour with his manager Tony Defries, he held up high. Bowie moved to New York and produced in the Sigma Sound Studios in 1975 the album ‘Young Americans’. His music he called Irontic ‘Plastic Soul’. A tailor suit emphasized his image change. Also in the film world, he dived and played the lead role in Nicolas Roeg’s Science Film ‘The man who fell from the sky’. Also in Marlene Dietrich’s last movie ‘Schöner Gigolo, poor Gigolo’ played Bowie the lead role. For the mid-1970s, Bowie also played in television series. In 1983 he played next to Catherine Deneuve in the film ‘Doterbart’ a British Ensign. Also under the direction of Martin Scorsese he took over in his film ‘the last temptation of Christ’ a short presence.

Bowie and Berlin

After the Isolar Tour in 1976, Bowie first moved to Switzerland and then to West Berlin. In the Bavarian neighborhood, he underwent a cold drug-tight and then finished his album ‘Low’ took over the first part of his Berlin triology in the Berlin Hansa Studios. German bands like ‘power plant’, ‘cluster’ and ‘tangerine dream’ influenced Bowie and so his single ‘Sound and Vision’ became a worldwide hit. Song fragments and instrumental pieces give this album a multi-layered dimension. The album ‘Heroes’ was also built in Berlin and was inspired by the feeling of expressionism of the 1920s.

The American musician Iggy Pop had come to Berlin with Bowie and took up with him as a new neighbor albums like ‘The Idiot’ and ‘Lust for Life’. They toured Iggy Pop am Keyboard.
Homage to the German capital he released at his 66. Birthday on 8. January 2013 The Single ‘Where Are We Now’.

Bowie in the 1980s and 1990s

The children’s fairy tale ‘Peter and the Wolf’ belongs to Bowies further projects he picked up with the Philadelphia Orchestra. The 1980s also started for Bowie. His album ‘Scary Monsters (and Super Creepers)’ hit one and his Cameo appearance in the film ‘Christiane F. – We children from Zoo Train Station was shown at a concert in Germany. With the British band ‘Queen’ he took the number one-hit ‘Under Pressure in 1981. He published the album ‘Let’s Dance’ in 1983 for his new label Emi and kept in place with the single weekly for weeks on the US charts. His experimental phase was over. Bowie became an icon of pop music. The albums ‘Tonight’ and ‘Let me Down’ followed, but they were not successful. At the beginning of the 1990s ‘Tin Machine II’ and its single ‘you belong in rock’n’roll’ were also rewarded only with moderate success. Nevertheless, Bowie operated with many European bands and artists, including the British band ‘placebo’ and ‘Nine Inch Nails’. Easier song structures were now becoming his songwriting tool. In 1996, Bowie was included in the Rock and Roll of Fame. He rejected his appointment to the Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Bowies influence

For numerous independent, punk and new-romantic musicians, Iggy became a strong influence. When ‘Thin White Duke’ he became known through his look and also the development of Glam Rock is largely attributed to him. Even a spider style was named with him called ‘Spintharus Davidbowiei’. Mick Jagger, John Lennon, Marianne Faithfull, Tina Turner, Frank Black and Bing Crosby were more musicians with which Bowie cooperated. At 3. September 2003 Bowie dared a technical innovation: He released a live show via satellite in European cinemas and led them in widescreen format with DTS-5.1-surround sound before – a milestone in the history of digital technology. The Bond ‘Bowie Bonds’ secured him revenue of 287 of his songs and also about his website he was able to record financial success through special actions. Special members could create blogs and participate in raffles.From October 2003, the ‘a reality’ tour was the longest world tour of his career, which he had to cancel due to a heart attack, however,.

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